By: Sobhy Makar/Rose El-Youssef
"Do you think that I am Indian?” This traditional arrogant sarcastic question must be changed. We should now say: "Please consider me an Indian!” in view of the great Indian achievements in the fields of education, health and information technology.
India managed to turn its main weakness, i.e., overpopulation (India has 17.3% of the world population) into a major strength as it has become one of the world’s major IT centres that attract multinationals. It provides its citizens with communication services that link them to all the world countries with the aim of building an IT community to enhance the competitive abilities of the Indian workforce locally and internationally. This led to India occupying the 2nd rank on the list of software exporters.
India was the 4th largest contributor to the world output in 2016 with 7.6% GDP growth rate, which is higher than that of the global output (3%). The Indian economy has a large public sector, an effective private sector and a high growth rate of the industrial production (7.4% which is higher than that of the world rate amounting to 2.5%), especially in the IT-based industries. India had 3.1% of the world foreign exchange and gold reserves in 2016.
The broadband subscribers grew by 31.4% during 2005-2015, which is higher than the global rate of 14.6%. India has an effective network of satellites and sea cables which secure good connection with foreign companies around the world. This, in turn, helps improve the education system and provides easy access to electronic education sources from anywhere as India aims to achieve 100% primary education, which has been achieved in one India state, Kerala.
The primary education focuses on teaching students the basic concepts, the fundamentals of humanities and practical skills, which enables them to catch up with the world culture. Even if they do not join higher stages of education, they would be able to work, help their families and follow newspapers, magazines, scientific researches, satellite channels and the Internet. This is the main reason the Indians are interested in IT and modern industries since childhood. Moreover, India has the world’s second largest education network. 10 Indian universities are among the world’s top 100 universities. India has an education system that promotes excellence in science, technology and space. India’s globally acknowledged education system attracts students from around the world. India’s technology institutes are as good as the Massachusetts and California technology institutes. Among these institutes are the Indian Institute of Science, the Indian business administration institutes and All-India Institute of Medical Sciences, which is one of the world’s top institutes in the field. The students of the National Law School in Bangalore got Rhodes scholarships from Oxford University. India’s business administration institutes provide the world with the best graduates. About 180,000 engineers are gradated annually from the Indian faculties of engineering. These engineers fluently speak English, the dominant language in the IT sector. In addition, they work for low salaries (less than 15% of their counterparts in the western countries).
It is noteworthy that the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) managed to place a satellite in its orbit around Mars with a cost that is about 12% of a similar mission by NASA. Under the slogan "information for all,” the Indian government backs the IT sector by allocating 1-3% of the budget of each ministry, department or public agency for the use of information technology, and establishing Export Oriented Units (EOUs), Export Processing Zones (EPZs), Special Economic Zone (SEZs), Electronic Hardware Technology Parks (EHTPs) and Software Technology Parks (STPs). Every company benefits from the concessions and exemptions offered according to the nature of their work and structure.
As it seeks to achieve self-sufficiency in pharmaceuticals, India started producing 119 of the most frequently used pharmaceuticals by establishing Hindustan Antibiotics Limited, India Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Central Pharmaceutical Research Lab, National Chemical Labs and Indian Chemical Technology Institution. The Indian pharmaceutical industry achieved a great progress as the Indian law puts few constraints on patents if the research relating to the pharmaceutical produced is not new or if the new pharmaceutical is just a modification of an old one. This helped the Indian pharmaceutical industry to develop and the Indian companies to become the world’s top producer of generic drugs which are sold at cheap prices.
Peoples can achieve progress through knowledge and hardworking. If we do not realize this, we will not be able to catch the fast train of the human civilization.
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