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Treaty of Friendship

March 05, 1950

Treaty of Friendship Between the Government of India and the Imperial Government of Iran

15 March 1950

The President of India and His Imperial Majesty the Shahanshah of Iran recognising the ancient ties which have existed between the two countries for centuries and their mutual need for co-operation in strengthening and developing these ties and urged by their mutual desire to establish peace between the two countries with a view to the common benefit of their people and the development of their respective countries, wish to enter into a treaty of friendship with each other and to this end have appointed as their plenipotentiaries the following persons, viz.,

The President of India:

His Excellency Mr Syed Ali Zaheer,
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary

His Imperial Majesty the Shahanshah of Iran:

His Excellency Dr Ali Gholi Ardalan,
Acting Minister for Foreign Affairs

who having examined each other's credentials and found them good and in due form have agreed as follows :

Article 1

There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between the Governments of India and Iran and the said Governments shall promote and strengthen such peace and friendship between their respective nationals.

Article 2

The High Contracting Parties agree to appoint diplomatic representatives at the capitals of the two countries, and consular representatives as may be necessary and at such places as may be agreed upon. Each party shall grant to such representatives of the other party such privileges and immunities as are accorded under International Law, so however that neither party shall deny to any diplomatic or consular representative of the other party any special privileges and immunities which it grants to the diplomatic and consular representatives of a similar status of any other State.

Article 3

The High Contracting Parties agree to conduct their commercial, customs, navigation, aviation and cultural relations as well as matters relating to :

  • extradition,
  • judicial assistance between the two countries, and
  • the conditions of residence and stay of the nationals of one party in the territory of the other, in accordance with special agreement between the parties.

Article 4

The High Contracting Parties agree to settle all differences of any kind between them through ordinary diplomatic channels, by arbitration and by such other peaceful means, as they deem most suitable.

Article 5

  • This Treaty shall be ratified by the legislative body of each Party and the exchange of the instruments of ratification shall take place in Tehran as soon as possible.
  • This Treaty shall take effect fifteen days after the exchange of the instruments of ratification has taken place.

IN Faoth Whereof the said plenipotentiaries have signed the present Treaty in the English and Persian languages, both texts being equally authentic, and have affixed thereto their seals.

DONE duplicate in Tehran on the fifteenth day of March, 1950.

For the President of India,
(Sd.) S. Ali Zaheer

For His Imperial Majesty the Shahanshah of Iran,
(Sd.) A.G. Ardalan


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