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Joint Declaration between the Republic of India and the Republic of Indonesia

November 23, 2005

  • The President of the Republic of Indonesia, H.E. Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, paid a State Visit to India from 21-23 November 2005 at the invitation of the Prime Minister of the Republic of India, H.E. Dr. Manmohan Singh.
  • H.E. President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was accorded a ceremonial reception at the Rashtrapati Bhawan on 23 November 2005. His engagements included a call on the President of the Republic of India, H.E. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, who hosted a State Banquet in honour of the visiting Indonesian leader. Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono held detailed discussions. The Indian Ministers of Defense and Commerce and Industry and the Leader of the Opposition also paid a call on him.
  • President Yudhoyono addressed a Business Summit, jointly hosted by the Apex Chambers of Indian Commerce and Industry (CII, FICCI and ASSOCHAM), on 23 November 2005. A sizeable Indonesian business delegation accompanying the President attended the Summit. The programme for the Indonesian President's State Visit also included short trips on November 21 to 22 to Bangalore where he observed defence, space and Information Technology establishments, and to Agra where he visited cultural and historical sites.

    New Strategic Partnership
  • Prime Minister Singh and President Yudhoyono recalled the historic ties between India and Indonesia and the civilizational interaction between the two countries for more than two millennia, which have enriched both societies. They affirmed that the socio-cultural traditions have made relations between India and Indonesia unique and vigorous.
  • The two leaders recalled that soon after their emergence as independent nations, India and Indonesia worked together to spread the message of freedom among all oppressed peoples of the world as co-sponsors of the Bandung Conference of 1955. Together, they served as pillars of the Non-Aligned Movement, which helped bring about the demise of colonialism. On the basis of their similar world views, they built an enduring friendship and mutually beneficial cooperation.
  • They affirmed that today, India and Indonesia stand proudly together as the largest pluralistic democracies of Asia with a mutual stake in each other's progress, prosperity, stability, security, and territorial integrity.
  • They acknowledged that, as free and open societies, sharing a common commitment to democracy and pluralism, India and Indonesia must play an active role in the promotion of peace and stability in Asia and world at large.
  • Prime Minister Singh and President Yudhoyono noted that Asia is emerging as a leading growth centre of an increasingly interdependent globalised economy. This trend offers both countries new opportunities for enhanced economic engagement for mutual benefit. The two leaders reiterated their common commitment to their primary goal of ensuring broad-based and people-centered economic development and growth to improve the quality of life of their respective peoples.
  • Determined to build on the common historic legacy of their nations and to raise bilateral relations to a higher level, the two Leaders decided to establish a New Strategic Partnership between their countries in keeping with contemporary realities. This Partnership, based on the solid foundation of shared values as well as a shared commitment to democratic pluralism and the rule of law and to genuine multilateralism in international affairs, would impart stronger economic and socio-political dimensions to their bilateral relations. Thus, they would address the long term interests of both countries, enhance all-round cooperation and contribute to regional and global peace and stability.
  • Realizing that they now face a world that is fundamentally different than the one when Indonesia and India first established diplomatic relations six decades ago, this Partnership calls for Indonesia and India to adapt and elevate their relations to take on present and future challenges. As the world's largest democracies, and as independent-minded nations with a long tradition of internationalism, the combined voice of Indonesia and India can make a difference in international affairs.
  • This New Strategic Partnership, therefore, calls for closer diplomatic coordination, stronger defense relations, enhanced economic relations especially in trade and investment, greater technological cooperation, as well as intensified cultural ties, educational linkages and people-to-people contacts. This Partnership also compels both countries to harness the unbounded opportunities that lie ahead and to draw from each other's strength.

    Political, Defence and Security Cooperation
  • The two leaders welcomed the important contributions made to bilateral cooperation by various existing mechanisms such as the India-Indonesia Ministerial Joint Commission and the Joint Consultative Forum and noted with satisfaction the important outcomes of recent Ministerial visits and other high level bilateral visits from both sides. They further welcomed the conclusion of the MoU on Cooperation between the respective diplomatic training institutes of the two countries.
  • Recognizing the important role India and Indonesia are called upon to play in the promotion of regional security by virtue of their being close geographical neighbours with a shared maritime boundary, the two Leaders, welcomed the recent growth of bilateral defence and security ties between their countries. They cited the significance of the conclusion of the Bilateral Agreement on Cooperative Activities in the Field of Defence concluded in 2001 and emphasized the need to further institutionalize and expand this cooperation.
  • President Yudhoyono welcomed India's offer of cooperation with the Department of Defense of the Republic of Indonesia in the procurement of defence supplies, defence technologies, joint production and joint projects. The two Leaders agreed to further increase contacts and exchanges of visits between their respective defense officials and intensify joint education and training of these officials. They also agreed to hold an annual India-Indonesia Strategic Dialogue at the senior officials level which would commence its first meeting at the first half of 2006.
  • Recognizing that both countries have large exclusive economic zones and maritime interests, the two Leaders agreed to work closely to enhance cooperation in capacity building, technical assistance and information sharing between their respective relevant agencies.
  • Recognizing that terrorism constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security, the two Leaders condemned terrorism in all its forms and manifestations as criminal and unjustifiable, irrespective of their motives. They resolved to further strengthen cooperation under the bilateral MOU on Cooperation to Combat International Terrorism and to coordinate measures to combat terrorism in a comprehensive and sustained manner. They deplored any and all attempts to link terrorism with any particular religion or ethnicity. Prime Minister Singh condemned the terrorist attacks in Bali on 1 October 2005 and expressed full support for President Yudhoyono's determination to eradicate the threat of terrorism in Indonesia. President Yudhoyono condemned the multiple bombings that killed scores of innocent civilians in New Delhi on 29 October 2005 and conveyed his profound sympathy for the victims of that terrorist outrage.

    Closer Economic and Commercial Engagement
  • Recognizing that closer economic integration between India and Indonesia could contribute to the transformation of the broader Asian region into an "Arc of Advantage and Prosperity”, thereby promoting growth and stability, the two Leaders welcomed the work of the Joint Experts Working Group constituted by the Joint Commission to submit recommendations for broadening and strengthening bilateral trade, economic and investment cooperation. They also agreed to constitute a Joint Study Group to examine the feasibility of a Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement between India and Indonesia.
  • The two Leaders noted with satisfaction that bilateral trade is steadily growing and is expected to exceed US $ 4 billion in 2005. This year has also seen a welcome two-way trend of new investments flows between the two countries. However, there remains considerable untapped potential that can be realized through the diversification of the trade basket and further increase of investments, taking advantage of existing complementarities. Both sides agreed to take measures to facilitate tripling of bilateral trade from current levels to at least US $ 10 billion by 2010 in a balanced and mutually advantageous way.
  • The two Leaders acknowledged that global energy supplies are vital to their respective national interest, making it essential for both countries to enhance cooperation in the energy sector, including in coal mining and in the upstream and downstream oil and gas industries. They also agreed to initiate cooperation in non conventional energy sources, including bio-energy.
  • The two Leaders agreed to work together to improve connectivity and people-to-people contacts between their countries through enhanced tourism, civil aviation and shipping links. In this context, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh expressed appreciation for Indonesia's adoption of a visa-on-arrival policy for Indian nationals.

    Science and Technology Cooperation
  • Both leaders agreed that a New Strategic Partnership between India and Indonesia necessitates closer cooperation in the field of technology. Both leaders agreed to intensify technological cooperation, including in the field of defense technology, information and communication technology, nano-technology, bio-technology, and others. They also agreed to share experience on the use of information technology for the benefit of the small and medium enterprises.
  • Both leaders also agreed to promote greater linkages between their respective educational, research institutions and centers of excellence. They encourage their respective citizens to engage in greater research activities, academic exchanges and scholarships.
  • Both Leaders welcomed close cooperation between the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN) under an MOU on Cooperation concluded in 2002. The Indian Prime Minister expressed appreciation for the assistance provided by LAPAN for the setting up of ISRO's second Telemetry, Tracking and Command Centre in Biak, in the Province of Papua, Indonesia which is due to be commissioned soon.
  • The Indonesian President expressed the wish that the process of transfer of technology and capacity building between ISRO and LAPAN could be intensified. Furthermore, he expressed hope for greater bilateral cooperation in such undertakings as the development of rockets for scientific purposes and satellite technologies; the utilization of Indian remote sensing satellites, tele-education and tele-health; and the launching by piggy back method of LAPAN TUBSAT micro satellite in early 2006.
  • The two leaders emphasized the importance of enhancing bilateral and regional cooperation in disaster management and early warning systems, including Tsunami early warning system for the Indian Ocean region.

    Cultural and Technical Cooperation
  • Both Leaders noted with satisfaction the expansion of bilateral cooperation in the fields of education and human resource development. The Indonesian President expressed appreciation for India's Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) Program and welcomed the setting up of a Vocational Training Centre for the Construction Sector in Jakarta in May 2005. He also expressed the wish that similar training centres could also be establised in Aceh. The Indian Prime Minister agreed to assist in the establishment of a Vocational Training Centre in Aceh, Indonesia.
  • In order to increase connectivity and people-to-people contacts as well as cultural ties between the two countries, the two Leaders agreed to encourage community leaders from both countries to establish an Indonesia-India Friendship Association based in New Delhi and Jakarta.

    Multilateral and Regional Cooperation
  • The two Leaders reiterated their commitment to strengthen the role of the United Nations so that it can become a more effective multilateral system based on the principles of international law and the principles and ideals enshrined in the UN Charter. Thus, it would become humanity's principal instrument for achieving international peace and security as well as development. They cited the need to advance the objectives of the global agenda in a balanced manner and to adopt a comprehensive approach to the fulfillment of the Millennium Declaration and the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals.
  • Both Leaders reiterated support for the ongoing reform of the United Nations and its principal organs, including the Security Council, with a view to making the United Nations more democratic, transparent and efficient so that it can deal more effectively with the myriad challenges of today's world. They stressed the importance of an early restructuring of the UN Security Council to make its decision making processes more democratic, transparent and responsive to the realities of the world today. They stressed that such a restructuring of the Council entailed that the developing world be adequately represented through permanent members on the Council. They agreed to remain closely engaged on various issues related to the reform of the United Nations as reflected in the Outcome Document of the High Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UNGA held in New York in September 2005.
  • The Indian Prime Minister commended the initiative of Indonesia to host the Asian-African Summit in Jakarta in April 2005 in conjunction with the observance of the Golden Jubilee of the 1955 Bandung Conference. Both Leaders resolved to help strengthen the New Asian-African Strategic Partnership (NAASP) by promoting cooperation between Asian and African countries and actively participating in the implementation of concrete actions envisioned in the Partnership.
  • Both leaders emphasized the need to cooperate to ensure the successful outcome of the WTO Development Agenda because it will be important for the achievement of the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs). As Indonesia and India are members of the G-20 and G-33, both leaders are committed to ensure that a successful Doha Development Agenda (DDA) means a balanced outcome which meets the concerns of developing countries.
  • The Indian Prime Minister cited the important and constructive role that Indonesia plays in ASEAN and Indonesia's contributions for regional stability. The Indian Prime Minister welcomed Indonesia's intention to enhance her engagement with South Asia and in the Indian Ocean. The Indonesian President expressed appreciation for India's "Look East” policy and the growing partnership between ASEAN and India, which had been further strengthened by the adoption of the "India-ASEAN Partnership for Peace, Progress and Shared Prosperity” and its detailed Plan of Action. Both Leaders stressed that the India-ASEAN partnership is based on common interest in peace and prosperity for the entire South and Southeast Asian region. They also underlined their shared commitment to deepening the integration of the Indian economy with the economies of ASEAN.
  • ndia expressed appreciation for Indonesia's support for its participation in the First East Asia Summit. While acknowledging the centrality of ASEAN in leading the process of creating this new regional architecture, both countries affirmed the need for all sixteen EAS countries to fully participate and actively contribute towards a common vision of an East Asian Community that would facilitate closer regional cooperation and integration. In this regard, they highlighted the importance of the development of a road map and modalities for the progressive realization of the East Asian Community.

    Conclusion
  • The two sides expressed their conviction that President Yudhoyono's highly successful State Visit to India, and the decision of the two countries to establish a New Strategic Partnership, have opened a new chapter in the friendship and cooperation between the two countries.
  • President Yudhoyono, on behalf of the Indonesian Government and people, expressed his appreciation to the Government and people of India for the warm hospitality extended to him and his delegation. He invited Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to visit Indonesia at a mutually convenient time. The invitation was accepted with pleasure, with dates to be decided through diplomatic channels.

Prime Minister of the Republic of India

President of the Republic of Indonesia

New Delhi
23 November, 2005

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