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February 06, 2019

TO BE ANSWERED ON 06.02.2019



Will the Minister of EXTERNAL AFFAIRS be pleased to state:

(a) whether the Government has provided any development assistance to any other country in the financial year 2017-18;

(b) if so, the details of such assistance, country-wise;

(c) the details of development assistance provided by the Government between the years 2008 and 2017, country and project-wise; and

(d) the number and the details of Small Development Projects (SDPs) implemented by India in various countries?


(a) to (d) A statement is laid on the table of the House.



(a) to (c) Development assistance is a key instrument in India's foreign policy and the scope and reach of India’s development assistance has seen considerable expansion in the past few years. India’s abiding geo-political, strategic and economic interests and the need to effectively deliver India's assistance programme has prompted greater engagement with developing countries, particularly on the development cooperation front. The focus of development assistance has been the countries in India’s neighbourhood and in Africa, though India is also expanding its development cooperation reach to South East Asia, East and Central Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America, Pacific Island Countries, etc.

India’s development assistance is based on the needs of the partner countries and is geared towards responding to as many of the requests received from these countries as technically and financially feasible. The main instruments of India’s development assistance include Lines of Credit (LOC), Grant assistance, Small Development Projects (SDP), Technical Consultancy, Disaster Relief and Humanitarian aid, as well as capacity-building programmes under Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation Programme (ITEC).

Grant assistance projects are concentrated primarily in India’s neighbourhood in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Maldives, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, in Mauritius and some other African countries, and many of them are on-going.

GoI Lines of Credit (LOCs) on concessional terms form an important component of India’s development cooperation policy in Africa, Asia and Latin America and several projects are being implemented under LOCs. The engagement with African countries through various development partnership initiatives has witnessed a marked increase in the last decade, especially after India-Africa Forum Summit III in 2015. Since 2005-06 till January 2019, 274 LOCs aggregating to US$ 26.79 billion have been extended to 63 countries in various sectors, of which 189 LOCs aggregating US$ 11.36 billion have been allocated for African countries, 53 LOCs aggregating US$ 14.47 billion for Asian countries, with the balance 32 LOCs aggregating US$ 970.53 million for Latin America, Oceania and Commonwealth for Independent states (CIS) countries.

During 2017-18, 10,918 civilian training slots were offered under ITEC Programme to 161 partner countries for various short-term and medium-term courses in institutions spread all over India. The civilian training programme, fully sponsored by the Government with more than sixty-eight premier institutions running courses, conducted around 309 courses for working professionals in a wide and diverse range of skills and disciplines such as Agriculture, Food and Fertilizers; Banking, Finance, Accounts and Audit; Education; Engineering & Technology; English Language; Environment and Climate Change; Government Function; Health and Yoga; Human Resource Development and Planning; Irrigation and Water Resources; Information Technology (IT) and Business English; Journalism; Management and Leadership; Power, Renewable & Alternate Energy, Project Management; Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation; Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and Entrepreneurship; Sustainable Development and South-South Cooperation; Telecommunication; Textile; Trade and International Market; Urban Planning and Women Empowerment.

Deputation of experts under ITEC programme has served as a very important tool for sharing Indian expertise with the developing world. As on November 2017, forty-nine experts in various fields were on deputation to partner countries in areas of Information and Communication Technology (I&CT), Coconut experts, English teachers and Ayurveda.

Cooperation on the humanitarian front was extended by India to countries affected by disasters. Inter alia, medicines have been made available to Mozambique, Nicaragua, Libya and Myanmar. Food items have been supplied to Lesotho, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Syria, Bangladesh, DPRK and Myanmar. Cash assistance has been provided to Croatia, Burundi, Serbia and Zimbabwe etc. Medical supplies have been provided to Nepal, Afghanistan, Zambia, Yemen, Syria, Mozambique, Tanzania etc. We are also undertaking the building of houses in Nepal, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan. India has also extended development cooperation to Cuba and Tanzania. Tractors and implements have been provided to Cuba and NCERT books have been provided to Tanzania.

(d) Small Development Projects (SDPs) constitute an active pillar of India’s development assistance to foreign countries. The Government of India has committed US$ 200 million for SDPs in Afghanistan since 2006 and under this commitment, so far, 536 projects have been approved for implementation, of which 327 projects have been completed. Government of India has committed 51 SDPs in Sri Lanka of which 48 have been completed and 3 are under execution.

The Government extends assistance annually to the SDP programme in Nepal for the implementation of projects each costing less than NPR 5 crore (approximately INR 3.125 Crore). The Government has implemented about 200 SDPs in Nepal between the years 2008 and 2017.

During the 10th Five Year Plan of Bhutan (2008-13), 1950 SDPs of short gestation and which were community-oriented, focusing mainly on drinking water schemes, irrigation channels, farm roads and other infrastructure in rural areas, were implemented with GoI assistance of INR 700 Crore.

During the 11th Five Year Plan of Bhutan (2013-2018), 596 SDPs focusing mainly on drinking water schemes, schools in rural areas, irrigation canals, farm roads, block connectivity roads, basic health units and staff quarters, market sheds, community meeting halls and other basic infrastructure in rural areas were implemented with GoI assistance of INR 850 Crore.

In Bangladesh, Government is undertaking 5 SDPs with a total commitment of INR 91.42 Crore. These projects span different sectors such as rural & urban infrastructure, training in IT etc.

In Myanmar, Government is undertaking 5 SDPs with a total commitment of US$ 3.27 million. These projects span different sectors such as health care, IT, agriculture, supply projects etc.

Additionally, Government undertakes SDPs in some other partner countries such as Suriname, Dominica, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Niue etc.


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